2 edition of Transit temperatures of iceberg lettuce shipped in pallet bins found in the catalog.
Transit temperatures of iceberg lettuce shipped in pallet bins
R. Tom Hinsch
by Dept. of Agriculture, Science and Education Administration : for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in [Washington]
Written in English
Issued Jan. 1979.
|Statement||by R. Tom Hinsch and C. Max Harris ; prepared by Science and Education Administration.|
|Series||Marketing research report ; no. 1098, Marketing research report -- no. 1098.|
|Contributions||Harris, C. M. 1934-, United States. Science and Education Administration.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||7 p. :|
Iceberg lettuce grows in small, dense heads. Commonly used in salads and sandwiches, they are prized more for their texture and crispiness than for the flavor of the leaves themselves. Iceberg was first cultivated in the Salinas Valley of California, then packed in ice and distributed across the US on trains, earning its namesake. Iceberg lettuce is often used to create a firm and crunchy salad. There are six basic categories of lettuce, divided roughly by their physical properties. Crisphead lettuce is lettuce which forms a tightly furled head, like a cabbage. The leaves of a crisphead lettuce will be firm and crunchy, with a distinctive snappy texture.
Introduced for commercial production in the late s, Iceberg (or crisphead) lettuce was the only variety bred to survive cross-country travel (the name Iceberg . Iceberg lettuce stored under normal atmosphere and controlled atmosphere (CA) with about 3% oxygen at low temperature for 1 week was compared with fresh lettuce for their response to 2d ultralow.
Old Recipes for Iceberg Lettuce. One of the oldest recipes for iceberg lettuce salad is from a cookbook by Marion H. Neil in They are very interesting, one uses the egg yolk to thicken the dressing. Lettuce Salad and Roquefort Dressing () ()"Heart of Lettuce Salad ()"Lettuce Salad with Roquefort Dressing ()"Salade Subversive. Sow seeds per cell/pot, thinning to one per cell/pot. Provide ºF soil temperatures. Transplant out, ” apart in rows 12” apart. Sowing Outdoors: Spring when soil temperature reaches at least 50ºF. Sow 1” apart, thin to ”, depending on the size of lettuce you want, baby to full heads. Keep soil moist during germination.
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Additional Physical Format: Online version: Hinsch, Robert Tom, Transit temperatures of iceberg lettuce shipped in pallet bins.
Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. Transit temperatures of California iceberg lettuce shipped by truck during the hot summer months. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Science and Education Administration, (OCoLC) The ambient temperature during transit ranged from ~ 10 to C and averaged 22 for the naked lettuce loaded on the floor, 23 for the naked lettuce loaded on racks, and 18=C for the palletized lettuce loaded away from the : R.T Hinsch, W.G Kindya.
Temperatures ranged from about (33) to about (40) at the start of transit period and from about to 2 (36) at the end of the transit period. Air discharge temperatures were in a relatively narrow range ( to 2).Cited by: Temperature Management Studies of cooling rates and transit tempera- tures for lettuce jumble filled in pallet-size bins and in experimental boxes indicated that the let- tuce that had initial temperatures of 65° to 80° F cooled to below 40° in about one-half hour.
Heap () reported that the temperature of a load shipped by air from Europe to the U.S. varied from −1 °C to 26 °C, despite instructions to maintain the temperature between 2 °C and 8 °C. The U.S. Standards for Grades of Lettuce apply for Iceberg and Boston type lettuce.
In the standards the U.S. Fancy and U.S. 1 grades require the heads to be "green." In the usual marketing channels all types of lettuces are generally traded based on the U.S.
1 grade. Therefore, Iceberg and Boston type lettuce with red. Packaging fresh fruits and vegetables is one of the more important steps in the long and complicated journey from grower to consumer.
Bags, crates, hampers, baskets, cartons, bulk bins, and palletized containers are convenient containers for handling, transporting, and marketing fresh produce.
Lettuce shipments to retailers have been relatively strong since the start of the COVID pandemic, while foodservice business has been down, but generally seems to be 1, truck loads of Iceberg and Romaine lettuce are being shipped weekly from the Salinas ine Family Farms of Salinas, CA reports loadings destined.
Lettuce is a cool-season crop with distinct temperature requirements. The optimal growing temperatures are 73ºF (23ºC) during the day and 45ºF (7ºC) at night.
Most California growing regions have daytime temperatures from 63º to 83ºF (17º to 28ºC) and night temperatures. from shredded iceberg lettuce led to. the heads in a lined plastic bin with a.
volume of about kg. The knifes used process and shipboxes (or over 1 million bags) of. core temperature of not more than 36° F ( ° C) when placed in a refrigerated conveyance or storage. (1) The temperature shall be taken near the center of the head with a thermometer which has previously been cooled to the approximate temperature of the lettuce.
Standard Pack § Standard pack. Iceberg Lettuce Lettuce Mixes Lollo Lettuce Oakleaf Lettuce One-Cut Lettuce Romaine Lettuce (Cos) Shipment can take several days to track if lost in transit. USPS Express Mail: Shipment can take several days to track if lost in transit.
Remove any backordered items from your initial order and ship the available portion; then separately. Introduction. Iceberg lettuce is one of the most highly favorable fresh vegetables, being a traditional ingredient in salads, sandwiches, and other items found in self-service restaurants (Da Cruz et al.
).Nevertheless, it is known quality of iceberg lettuce declines rapidly at ambient temperature, which deeply limits storage and consumption of the vegetable. A container system which is environmentally controlled for the packaging and shipment of vegetables, and particularly of lettuce, such as iceberg lettuce.
The packaging relies upon a reusable paperboard container which is of a polygonal shape, such as an octagonal shape, providing a large number of corner margins which afford strength in stacking of like containers on pallets.
Having thus described the invention, what I desire to claim and secure by letters patent is: 1. A method of packaging lettuce for storing and shipping lettuce in bulk quantities of at least several hundred pounds for long distance transport and reducing the deterioration and discoloration which usually arises during storage and shipping of the lettuce in bulk quantities, said method comprising.
Iceberg is the flagship of the lettuce family. 1/6 medium head has only 15 calories and is an excellent source of vitamin K. Iceberg lettuce also supplies lecithin, which promotes healthy skin, as well as antioxidants.
Iceberg’s crunchy texture and convenience make it a. exporting iceberg lettuce through bulk handling and shipping. The project reported on here, ‘Exporting optimum storage temperature, because the produce generates heat through respiration while in transit and this trial shipments of lettuce in bulk bins were completed to.
Enjoy the fresh and crisp taste of Iceberg Lettuce. With this romaine lettuce, you can make all kinds of salads, meals and snacks for friends and family of all ages. Create a Variety of Salads. Iceberg Lettuce is a staple for many traditional salads.
Create a classic wedge salad using wedges of this lettuce, or dice it up for a cobb or Caesar. Back in the s, lettuce was transported by train in cars filled with crushed ice, making them look like icebergs.
Today, consumers enjoy the crunchy texture and refreshing taste of field fresh iceberg lettuce. Iceberg lettuce comes in tight, dense heads similar to cabbage, and is considered the mildest of the lettuce varieties.
Iceberg Lettuce First gaining popularity in the s, iceberg lettuce was originally known as crisphead lettuce. Forming a closed head resembling that of a cabbage, the crunchy texture and mild flavor of iceberg varieties is preferred by some to provide a backdrop against more intensely flavored salad ingredients and dressings.Properly hardened transplants can survive temperatures as low as 20°F.
Transplant iceberg and romaine lettuce 10–12″ apart, in rows 18″ apart. Other types 8–10″ apart in rows 12–18″ apart for full size heads or 6″ apart for mini heads. Watering: Water lettuce once to twice per week or every 4 days whenever rainfall is inadequate.The last month that you can plant iceberg lettuce and expect a good harvest is probably August.
Any later than that and your iceberg lettuce may not have a chance to fully mature. You can get started a little bit earlier by starting your iceberg lettuce indoors.
Last Frost Date. In Zone 6b the average date of last frost happens on April